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 Chennai History

   The region of Chennai was called Tondaimandalam in those days and had its military headquarters at Puzhal, which is now a small and rather insignificant village on the outskirts of the city. Modern Chennai grew out of a small village when in 1639 a fishing hamlet called Madraspatnam was selected by early English merchants of the East India Company as a site for the settlement. Founded in 1639 on land given by the Raja of Chandragiri, the last representative of the Vijayanagar rulers of Hampi.

   A small fort was built at a fishing settlement in 1644 and a town, which subsequently became to known as George Town, which grew in the area of fort St. George. The settlement became independent of Banten, Java, in 1683 and was granted its first municipal charter in 1688 by James II. It thus has the oldest municipal corporation in India, a fact which Tamil Nadu state governors are only too keen to point out at every available opportunity.

   During the 18th and early 19th centuries, when the British and French competed for supremacy in India, the city's fortunes waxed and waned. It was briefly occupied by the French on one occasion. It was used by Clive of India as a base for his military expeditions during the Wars of the Carnatic and, during the 19th century, it was the seat of the Chennai Presidency, one of the four divisions of British Imperial India.

   After independence the city continued to be known by the name Madras until the government of Tamilnadu under the chief minister Mr. M.Karunanidhi officially converted it to Chennai in 1997. other major metros of India, it is far less congested and polluted.

 1639  Grant given to English Company for the construction of Fort St.George
 1716  The starting of St.Mary's Charity School
 1733  Preparation of map of Madras and its surrounding village
 3rd - 10th Sep 1746  Bombardment of Madras by De La Bourdonnais
 10th Sep. 1746   The capitulation of Madras to the French
 Nov 1746  The battle of the Adyar River between the Nawab's troops and the French
 Sep 1746 - Aug 1749  Madras remains in French occupation
 April 1752  Madras again becomes the seat of the Presidency
 1793   Erection of the Madras Observatory. Building of the Madras Lunatic Asylum
 1806  The Mutiny at Vellore
 1809  The threatened White Mutiny
 1817  The starting of the Madras Literary Society
 1834   Started Government Survey School
 1835   Started Madras Medical School
 1841   The opening of the High School (Presidency College)
 1855   Abolition of the titular Nawabship of the Carnatic
 1856   University of Madras was incorporated
 1868-1871   Protected water supply for Madras
 1871   First census of Madras was taken
 1876-78   Great Madras Famine; construction of the Buckingham Canal through  Madras
 1876  Construction of the Madras Harbor was started
 1895  The first tramway line of the city opened
 1905   The Madras Port Trust created
 1907   Starting of the Indian Bank
 1915   Leather Trade Institute was opened
 1916   Madras Trade School was opened
 1932   Mayor of Madras was revived
 Aug 4th 1939  Celebration of the Tercentenary of the Foundation of the Madras city



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